Though in the 1920s-30s, same gender attraction wasn't frowned upon, marriage was expected to be between men and women and women were to be subservient to their husbands once married. However, the young women of the time who were educated in higher institutions (high school and college), called “Shin Yeo-Sung” had different ideas. They would advocate for Socialism, feminism, and the independence of Korea from Japanese colonial rule. This was reflected in the leading women’s magazine at the time, “Shin Yeo-Seong” which ran from 1923-1934. However, in the end, societal pressures and internal conflict made the movement struggle, and with Japanese imperialistic forces of the time, as well as the following wars (WWII and Korean War), it died down.
Despite that, some women of the Shin Yeo-Sung movement, such as Kim Yongjoo and Hong Ok Im, as well as Lee Duk-yo, a feminist and socialist activist defied the societal norms to pursue long term relationships with other women in adulthood. However, it was very difficult for these relationships to last due to the societal pressure the women felt around them
- 3rd yr @ SJSU Animation/Illustration
- I'm a Korean lesbian artist making queer historical illustrations and comics!